Once wildings are removed, the site may be ripe for wilding re-infestation. For example, removing dense stands of conifers surrounded by shrubland creates light wells that may be quickly re-infested if not planted with another species.
Restoring and rehabilitating the site with desired plantings helps to prevent wilding conifers from returning, and accelerates creating the right conditions for a healthier ecosystem – and other land-use activities like grazing.
Dead standing trees can provide shelter and allow a quicker recovery of tussock grasses and other native vegetation – so sometimes a site is better left to recover naturally.
Note that assistance with site restoration (after wilding conifer removal) may be available through the One Billion Trees Programme.
Restoration planting options include:
Native species will often successfully colonise new sites, but may need some encouragement as some are not resilient to competition from introduced species. Options include:
As conifer seeds are viable for up to 5 years, after control it’s important to monitor the site during this period and hand-weed any wilding conifer seedlings.